miércoles, 30 de mayo de 2007

Determinación de la longitud de la pista

Aeronave de diseño:
La aeronave más crítica para el diseño se hallara considerando de que tipo de aviones aterrizara en el aeropuerto.
Longitud básica de pista:
Su importancia reside en que influye sobre el área de terreno que se necesita para un aeropuerto, la longitud básica para aeronave.
Designación de pista:
Según la orientación de la pista de aterrizaje se designara en función a los vientos que tiene la región.
Parámetros de corrección:
Los parámetros de corrección de la longitud de pista para cualquier otro punto geográfico son los siguientes:

a) Elevación en metros sobre el nivel del mar:
La longitud de pista deberá ser incrementada en 7% por cada 300 metros de altitud sobre el nivel del mar, puesto que los motores disminuyen en potencia de acuerdo a sus características con la altitud ya que el oxígeno y la presión disminuyen con ésta. La elevación considerada para el proyecto es de 3.663 m.s.n.m

Dentro del sistema las características de los vehículos, tanto aéreos como terrestres tienen una gran influencia en la organización, para el pasajero y transporte de mercancías.

La necesidad de resolver los problemas que presenta el tráfico aéreo y su progresivo aumento, conduce a la urgente decisión de estudiar los nuevos aeropuertos y adecuar los antiguos a las exigencias actuales y futuras.

El tamaño y número de las aeronaves en servicio, aumenta de manera rápida y las características de los aviones cambian tan aceleradamente, que es necesario variar continuamente las normas constructivas, debiendo acomodarse en cada caso a las necesidades del momento con las posibles previsiones futuras.

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