jueves, 21 de enero de 2010

DEFINICION DE TERMINOS DE VIALIDAD

Acera: Parte de una vía destinada principalmente para circulación de peatones, separada de la circulación de vehículos.

Avenida: Vía vehicular de tipo troncal o colectora que cuenta con mediana como refugio peatonal.

Base Granular o Base no Ligada: Base conformada exclusivamente por una mezcla de suelos, que habitualmente cumplen con ciertos requisitos en cuanto a granulometría, límites de Atterberg, capacidad de soporte y otros.

Calle: Vía vehicular de cualquier tipo que comunica con otras vías y que Comprende tanto las calzadas como las aceras entre dos propiedades privadas o dos espacios de uso público o entre una propiedad privada y un espacio de uso público.

Calzada: parte de una vía destinada al transito de vehículos.

Peralte: Inclinación dada al perfil transversal de un camino en los tramos de curvatura horizontal, para contrarrestar el efecto de la fuerza centrífuga que actúa sobre un vehículo en movimiento.

Rasante: Plano que define la superficie de una carretera.

Sub-base Granular: Capa constituida por un material de calidad y espesor determinados y que se coloca entre la subrasante y la base.

Talud: Tangente del ángulo que forma el paramento de un corte o un
terraplen con respecto a la vertical.

Tratamiento Superficial Asfáltico: Una o más aplicaciones alternadas de ligante asfáltico y agregado pétreo sobre una base granular. Un tratamiento superficial doble o triple consiste de dos o tres tratamientos aplicados consecutivamente, uno sobre otro.

Vía: Espacio destinado al tránsito.

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